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基金项目:河北地质大学校长基金项目(2017-001)
作者单位
季强,季燕南,王旭日,等 河北地质大学 
摘要:
      科学界普遍认为海德堡人是现代人、尼安德特人以及神秘的“杰尼索娃人”的共同祖先。就在海德堡人发现之后25年,即1933年,中国东北哈尔滨的一位农民被日本军队强征去当劳工,在修建东江桥时发现了1件非常奇怪的人头化石,该化石显得十分粗壮,而且眉骨特别厚。这位农民虽然对海德堡人一无所知,但意识到这件人头化石可能非常珍贵,没有将其交给日本兵,而是偷偷地带回家,包裹好后扔进了自家的水井中,连夜用土将水井封埋。2017年,他的孙子在桂林遇见了季强并讲述了此事,经劝说,将这件人头化石捐献给了河北地质大学,永久性收藏于该校的地球科学博物馆。这件人头化石十分完整,许多形态特征与欧洲发现的海德堡人非常相似。目前,季强正在组建研究团队,对这件珍稀的古人类头颅化石开展研究。研究成果有望改变人们对人类发展历史的认识。
关键词:似海德堡人头颅化石  哈尔滨东江桥  中国黑龙江
Abstract:
      It is generally believed that Homo heidelbergensis is the common ancestor of modern people, Neanderthals and the mysterious ″Denisovans″. In 1933, twenty-five years after its discovery, a peasant in Harbin, Northeast China, was forced to work as a laborer by the Japanese army. When building the Dongjiang Bridge, he spotted a very strange head fossil. It was very strong with a particularly thick brow bone. Although he knew nothing about Homo heidelbergensis, he realized that this head fossil might be very precious. He did not hand it over to the Japanese, but sneaked it home, wrapped it and threw it into his own well and buried it with soil. In 2017, his grandson met Ji Qiang in Guilin and talked about the incident. Under the persuasion of Ji Qiang, the human skull fossil was donated to Hebei GEO University and permanently collected in its Earth Science Museum. It is very complete, with many morphological features very similar to Homo heidelbergensis found in Europe. At present, Ji Qiang is setting up a research team to conduct research on this rare ancient human skull fossil. Research results are expected to change our understanding of the development of human history.
Keywords:Homo heidelbergensis-like skull fossil  Dongjiang Bridge, Harbin  Heilongjiang, China
季强,季燕南,王旭日,等.中国东北发现似海德堡人头颅化石[J].地质学刊,2018,42(3):349-350